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Holly Yaupon

Holly Yaupon


Description: The Holly Yaupon is a dense, compact shrub with a rounded to upright growth habit. It typically grows to heights of 15 to 25 feet (4.5 to 7.6 meters) with a spread of 10 to 15 feet (3 to 4.5 meters) at maturity, although it can be pruned to maintain a smaller size. The plant features small, leathery, oval-shaped leaves that are glossy green in color and have serrated margins. Inconspicuous white flowers bloom in spring, followed by small, round berries that ripen to red or orange in the fall and persist into winter, providing ornamental interest and food for wildlife.

Best Growing Zones: The Holly Yaupon is well-suited to USDA hardiness zones 7 through 11. It thrives in warm, humid climates with mild winters and is tolerant of a wide range of growing conditions, including heat, drought, and salt spray. Holly Yaupon is particularly well-adapted to coastal regions but can also be grown inland with proper care. It prefers full sun to partial shade but can tolerate a range of light conditions.

Soil Requirements: Holly Yaupon tolerates a variety of soil types, including sandy, loamy, or clay soil, as long as it is well-drained. It is adaptable to both acidic and alkaline soil pH levels and can tolerate occasional flooding and drought once established. Amending heavy clay soils with organic matter such as compost or aged manure can improve soil structure and fertility. Holly Yaupon is relatively salt-tolerant and can be grown in coastal areas with salty soil or air.

Maintenance: Holly Yaupon is a low-maintenance plant that requires minimal care once established. It is relatively pest and disease resistant and does not require regular pruning. However, it can be pruned to maintain a desired shape or size and to remove dead or damaged branches. Pruning is best done in late winter or early spring before new growth begins. Holly Yaupon is dioecious, meaning individual plants are either male or female, so both male and female plants are needed for berry production. If berries are desired, plant both male and female cultivars within close proximity.

Landscape Use: Holly Yaupon is valued for its dense foliage, attractive berries, and versatility in the landscape. It can be used as a hedge, screen, border, or specimen plant in gardens, landscapes, and naturalized areas. Holly Yaupon is also suitable for planting along driveways, walkways, or property boundaries, where its dense growth habit provides privacy and security. Additionally, it is an excellent choice for wildlife gardens, as the berries attract birds and other wildlife. Overall, Holly Yaupon is a resilient and attractive plant that adds beauty and interest to a variety of outdoor spaces.

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