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Turk's Cap

Turk's Cap


Description: Turk's Cap is a multi-stemmed shrub with a spreading growth habit, typically reaching heights of 3 to 6 feet (0.9 to 1.8 meters) and spreads of 2 to 4 feet (0.6 to 1.2 meters). It belongs to the mallow family (Malvaceae) and is characterized by its distinctive, bright red, tubular flowers that resemble a Turkish fez or cap, hence its common name. These flowers have five petals that are fused together, forming a long, tubular shape with a protruding pistil and stamens. The flowers are often produced in abundance from late spring to fall and are attractive to hummingbirds, butterflies, and other pollinators. Turk's Cap also features dark green, heart-shaped leaves that provide a lush backdrop to the vibrant blooms.

Best Growing Zones: Turk's Cap is well-suited to USDA hardiness zones 8 through 11. It thrives in temperate to subtropical climates with mild winters and hot summers. This flowering shrub prefers full sun to partial shade and is relatively tolerant of a wide range of soil types, including sandy, loamy, or clay soil. It is drought-tolerant once established and can withstand periods of dryness but prefers consistent moisture for optimal growth and flowering.

Soil Requirements: Turk's Cap prefers well-drained soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH level. It can tolerate a variety of soil types, including sandy, loamy, or clay soil, as long as it is well-drained. Amending the soil with organic matter such as compost or aged manure before planting can improve soil fertility and drainage, promoting healthy growth and flowering. Turk's Cap is relatively tolerant of urban pollution and can be grown in a variety of environments, including urban and suburban landscapes.

Maintenance: Turk's Cap is a low-maintenance shrub that requires minimal care once established. It should be watered regularly during the establishment period to encourage healthy root development, but it is relatively drought-tolerant once established. Pruning is generally not necessary for Turk's Cap, but it can be pruned as needed to maintain a desired size and shape or to remove any dead or diseased branches. This shrub is relatively pest and disease resistant but may occasionally be affected by issues such as aphids or scale insects. These problems can usually be managed with proper cultural practices, including good air circulation and well-drained soil.

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