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Pecan Native

Pecan Native


Description: The Texas Native Pecan is a large deciduous tree belonging to the hickory genus. It typically has a spreading canopy with a broad, rounded crown and a straight trunk. The leaves are pinnately compound, consisting of numerous leaflets arranged alternately along a central stem. In the fall, the foliage may turn shades of yellow or gold before dropping. Pecan trees produce both male and female flowers on the same tree, with the female flowers developing into nuts after pollination.

Size: Texas Native Pecan trees are known for their large size and vigorous growth habit. Mature trees can reach heights of 70 to 100 feet (21 to 30 meters) or more, with a spread of 40 to 70 feet (12 to 21 meters). The size of individual trees may vary depending on growing conditions, climate, and age. Young trees typically have a faster growth rate, while older trees may grow more slowly and develop a more spreading form.

Best Growing Zones: The Texas Native Pecan thrives in regions with warm, temperate climates and is well-suited to USDA hardiness zones 6 through 9. It is native to the southern United States, including Texas, Oklahoma, Louisiana, and surrounding areas. Pecan trees require a long, warm growing season with plenty of sunshine to produce a bountiful crop of nuts. They are relatively tolerant of a range of soil types but prefer deep, well-drained soil with good fertility and adequate moisture retention.

Soil and Sun Requirements: Texas Native Pecan trees prefer full sun exposure, receiving at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight per day. They also require well-drained soil with good fertility and organic matter content. Pecan trees have deep taproots that can access moisture and nutrients from deep within the soil profile. While they are relatively drought tolerant once established, consistent moisture during the growing season is essential for healthy growth and nut production.

Maintenance: Texas Native Pecan trees are relatively low-maintenance once established but benefit from regular care to ensure healthy growth and abundant nut production. Pruning is typically done in late winter or early spring to remove dead, diseased, or overcrowded branches and to maintain the desired shape and size. Pecan trees may also benefit from an annual application of balanced fertilizer in early spring to provide essential nutrients for healthy growth and nut development.

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