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Mexican Plum

Mexican Plum


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Product: Mexican Plum

Scientific Name: Prunus mexicana

Type: Tree

Full Grown Size: Height of 15-30′ and a spread of around 20-25′ at maturity.

Lifespan:  40 + years 

Soil condition: Good clay or loamy soils.

Light Requirements: Full Sun , Part Shade.

Water requirements: Watered at least once a week.

USDA Zones: Hardiness Zones 6. 

Growing 25 to 30 feet tall with a spread of 25 feet, Mexican Plum is native Texas tree which forms an irregular canopy composed of yellow/green, shiny leaves with fuzzy undersides and thorny branches.  In spring, the trees are very fragrant, white blooms which are followed by purple/red, juicy fruits. These tart fruits can be used to make jams and jellies. The blooms make the Mexican Plum ideal for use as a specimen tree but it also is ideal for a naturalized landscape as an under story tree. The gray/black, ridged and furrowed bark is attractive, and the deciduous leaves turn a showy orange color in fall before dropping.

Fruit characteristics: color: purple; red. shape is round length is 1 to 3 inches  Attracts birds; suited for human consumption; fruit, twigs, or foliage cause significant litter; showy


The Mexican Plum is a small tree is an excellent choice for residential landscapes.  Best to plant the tree back from the edge of a patio, deck or walk since the fruits can be a little messy for a short period in the summer or early fall. When planted in the lawn or in a bed of low-growing ground cover, fruits drop unnoticed and are of no concern. The tree can be a ‘show stopper’ when it is in bloom. It makes a nice tree for planting near power lines due to its small size.   

Natural uses from trees make a natural dye.   A dark grey to green dye can be made with the fruit and green dye can be obtained from the leaves from the Mexican Plum, a Texas Native tree.

Mexican Plum should be grown in full sun or partial shade on well-drained, rich soil but will tolerate almost any soil. It is quite drought-tolerant once established.

Pests or Diseases None of major concern.

 Texas Mexican Plum

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