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Maple Shantung

Maple Shantung


Description: The Shantung Maple is a relatively small to medium-sized tree with an upright, rounded crown and a spreading canopy. It typically grows to heights of 20 to 30 feet (6 to 9 meters) with a similar spread at maturity. The tree features attractive, palmately lobed leaves that are typically 3 to 6 inches (7.5 to 15 cm) wide. The leaves emerge reddish-purple in spring, mature to dark green in summer, and turn shades of yellow, orange, or red in the fall, providing striking seasonal interest. In late spring to early summer, the tree produces small, inconspicuous yellow flowers that give way to winged samaras, or "helicopter seeds," in the fall.

Best Growing Zones: The Shantung Maple is well-suited to USDA hardiness zones 5 through 8. It thrives in temperate climates with cool winters and moderate summers. While it can tolerate a range of conditions, including heat and humidity, it performs best in areas with well-drained soil and full to partial sun exposure.

Soil Requirements: Shantung Maples prefer moist, well-drained soil but are relatively adaptable to a variety of soil types, including loamy, sandy, or clay soil. They can tolerate occasional drought once established but benefit from regular watering, especially during periods of extended dryness. Adding organic matter to the soil can help improve its texture and fertility.

Maintenance: Shantung Maples are relatively low-maintenance trees. They require minimal pruning but can be shaped or thinned as needed to maintain a strong and attractive form. Pruning is best done in late winter or early spring before new growth begins. The tree is relatively pest and disease resistant but may occasionally be affected by issues such as aphids, scale insects, or leaf spot diseases. These problems can usually be managed with proper cultural practices.

Landscape Use: Shantung Maples are valued for their attractive foliage, compact size, and striking fall color. They can be used as specimen trees, shade trees, or street trees in gardens, parks, and landscapes. They are also suitable for planting along streets, driveways, or property boundaries, where their spreading canopy provides shade and visual interest. Additionally, they are often planted in woodland gardens or naturalized areas, where their colorful foliage adds beauty to the landscape.

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