Cherry Montmorency

Cherry Montmorency


Description: Montmorency cherries are medium-sized fruits with bright red skin and yellowish flesh. They have a tart flavor that is well-suited for cooking, baking, and preserving. The cherries are typically round to slightly elongated in shape, with a firm texture. Montmorency cherry trees are deciduous and produce clusters of white flowers in spring before setting fruit. The foliage is dark green and glossy, turning shades of orange and red in the fall.

Size: Montmorency cherry trees are moderate in size, reaching heights of about 15 to 25 feet (4.5 to 7.5 meters) at maturity, with a similar spread. However, the size of individual trees can vary depending on factors such as soil fertility, climate, and pruning practices. Montmorency cherry trees have a spreading growth habit and develop a rounded canopy over time.

Growing Zones: Montmorency cherry trees are hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 4 through 8. These zones encompass regions with cold winters and moderate to hot summers. Montmorency cherries perform best in areas with a continental climate, where they can experience sufficient winter chilling hours to promote fruit set and a long, warm growing season for ripening. They are also well-suited to regions with well-drained soil and full sun exposure.

Soil and Sun Requirements: Montmorency cherry trees prefer well-drained, loamy soil with good fertility and a pH level between 6.0 and 7.0. They require full sun exposure to ensure optimal growth and fruit production. Adequate air circulation around the trees is important for minimizing the risk of fungal diseases such as cherry leaf spot and powdery mildew.

Pollination: Montmorency cherry trees are self-fertile, meaning they can set fruit with their own pollen. However, they may benefit from cross-pollination with another compatible cherry variety to increase fruit set and yield. Planting another cherry variety nearby can help ensure successful pollination and maximize fruit production.

Pruning and Maintenance: Proper pruning is important for maintaining the health, shape, and productivity of Montmorency cherry trees. Pruning should be done in late winter or early spring while the trees are still dormant. This helps remove dead, diseased, or crossing branches and encourages the growth of new, fruit-bearing shoots. Regular irrigation, especially during dry periods and when fruit is developing, is also important for optimal tree health and fruit quality.

View full details