Apple Granny Smith

Apple Granny Smith


Botanical Name: Malus domestica 'Granny Smith'

Size and Growth Habit: The Granny Smith Apple tree is a medium to large-sized deciduous tree that typically reaches heights of 15 to 25 feet at maturity, with a spread of 10 to 20 feet. It has a spreading growth habit with a rounded canopy. The tree may have a somewhat weeping appearance, especially when laden with fruit.

Fruit: Granny Smith Apples are known for their distinct bright green skin, which can sometimes develop a pink or reddish blush on the sun-exposed side. The fruit is medium to large in size, with a round to slightly elongated shape. Granny Smith Apples have a crisp texture and a tart, tangy flavor, which mellows slightly with storage. They are excellent for eating fresh, as well as for cooking, baking, and making cider.

Blossoms: In early spring, Granny Smith Apple trees produce clusters of fragrant white to pinkish flowers. These blossoms are not only beautiful but also essential for pollination and fruit set. Bees and other pollinators are attracted to the flowers, helping to ensure a good crop of apples.

Pollination: Granny Smith Apple trees are partially self-fertile, meaning they can produce fruit with their own pollen. However, cross-pollination with another apple variety can increase fruit set and yield. Planting another apple tree nearby, preferably a different variety that blooms at the same time, can improve pollination and fruit production.

Growing Conditions: Granny Smith Apple trees thrive in temperate climates with well-drained soil and full sun exposure. They prefer fertile, loamy soil with good drainage. The trees are moderately drought-tolerant once established but benefit from regular watering, especially during dry periods. Proper pruning and training are essential to maintain the health, shape, and productivity of the tree.

Harvesting: Granny Smith Apples typically ripen in the fall, usually from late September to mid-October, depending on the growing region. The fruit is ready for harvest when it reaches its characteristic green color and can be easily removed from the tree with a gentle twist. Apples should be handled carefully to avoid bruising and stored in a cool, humid environment to maintain their quality and crispness.

Uses: Granny Smith Apples are versatile and can be enjoyed in a variety of ways. They are delicious eaten fresh, sliced into salads, or paired with cheese. They also hold their shape well when cooked, making them ideal for pies, tarts, crisps, sauces, and preserves. Granny Smith Apples are a popular choice for baking due to their tart flavor and firm texture.

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